Cpanel Tutorial

What is cPanel?

cPanel is a widely used web hosting control panel that simplifies website and server management tasks. It provides a user-friendly interface, allowing users to manage various aspects of their website and hosting account without requiring advanced technical knowledge. With cPanel, you can control and customize your web hosting environment efficiently. Permalink

Cpanel Homepage

Benefits of using cPanel

cPanel offers numerous benefits for website owners, developers, and hosting providers alike. Some of the key advantages include:

  • Easy Website Management: cPanel streamlines website management tasks such as file uploads, database management, and email configuration.
  • Intuitive Interface: The user-friendly graphical interface makes it accessible to beginners and experienced users alike.
  • One-Click Application Installation: cPanel includes Softaculous, which enables quick installation of popular web applications like WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal.
  • Security Features: cPanel provides tools for managing SSL certificates, setting up IP blockers, and enhancing overall website security.
  • Resource Management: Users can monitor and manage server resources such as disk space, bandwidth, and databases.

Accessing cPanel

To access cPanel, you typically need the login credentials provided by your web hosting provider. The URL to access cPanel may look like: https://yourdomain.com:2083. Replace “yourdomain.com” with your actual domain name, and “2083” is the default secure cPanel port.

Once you enter the correct username and password, you will be redirected to the cPanel dashboard.

External Resource:

For more information on cPanel and its features, you can visit the official cPanel documentation: cPanel Documentation.

Note: This is just the first section of the tutorial. The subsequent sections will cover various aspects of cPanel in detail, providing a comprehensive guide for users to understand and utilize cPanel efficiently.

Title: Getting Started with cPanel

cPanel Dashboard Overview

After successfully logging into cPanel, you will be greeted by the cPanel dashboard. The dashboard is the central hub from which you can access and manage all the essential features and tools of your hosting account. Let’s take a closer look at the main components of the cPanel dashboard:

  • Navigation Bar: Located at the top of the dashboard, the navigation bar contains various icons representing different sections of cPanel, such as Files, Domains, Email, Databases, and more.
  • Search Bar: The search bar allows you to quickly find specific features or settings within cPanel by typing relevant keywords.
  • Stats and Logs: The dashboard provides real-time statistics on website traffic, bandwidth usage, and resource usage. You can also access error logs and access logs to monitor your website’s performance.
  • Quick Access Links: You may find quick access links to commonly used features, such as creating email accounts, managing databases, and installing applications through Softaculous.
  • Announcements: Hosting providers may post important announcements and updates in this section to keep users informed about any changes or maintenance.

Customizing the cPanel Interface

cPanel allows you to personalize the dashboard according to your preferences. You can rearrange the dashboard widgets, change the color scheme, and hide/display specific sections. This customization feature helps you create a more efficient and user-friendly environment for managing your hosting account.

Managing cPanel User Preferences

As a cPanel user, you have the option to customize your account preferences. You can modify the language, timezone, contact information, and password settings. Adjusting these preferences ensures that your cPanel experience is tailored to your needs.

External Resource:

For a visual guide on the cPanel dashboard and its functionalities, you can refer to the official cPanel documentation on the topic: cPanel Dashboard Overview.

Note: The above section provides an overview of the cPanel dashboard and how users can customize it to suit their requirements. The subsequent sections will delve into specific cPanel features, guiding users on how to manage files, emails, domains, databases, and more.

Title: File Management in cPanel

File Manager Overview

File Manager is a powerful tool in cPanel that allows you to manage your website files directly from your web browser. It provides a user-friendly interface with features like file uploading, downloading, editing, and organizing. Let’s explore the main components of the File Manager:

  • Directory Tree: Located on the left side, the directory tree displays the folder structure of your website. You can navigate through directories and subdirectories to access files.
  • File Listing: In the main section of File Manager, files and folders of the selected directory are listed. You can view, upload, and edit files from here.
  • Toolbar: The toolbar at the top provides various file management options, including create, upload, copy, move, rename, delete, and more.
  • Editor: File Manager includes a built-in code editor that allows you to modify text-based files directly within the interface.

Uploading and Downloading Files

To upload files to your website, click on the “Upload” button in the toolbar, select the files from your local computer, and upload them to the desired directory. Similarly, you can download files from your website by selecting them and clicking the “Download” button in the toolbar.

Creating and Managing Directories

You can create new directories to organize your website files better. To create a directory, click on the “New Folder” button in the toolbar, provide a name, and the new folder will be created in the current directory. You can then move files into the new folder or organize them as needed.

Editing Files using the Built-in Editor

The File Manager’s built-in editor allows you to edit text-based files such as HTML, CSS, PHP, and more. To edit a file, right-click on it and select “Edit” from the context menu. The editor will open, and you can make changes to the content. Remember to save the changes after editing.

Managing FTP Accounts

cPanel also provides the option to create and manage FTP (File Transfer Protocol) accounts. FTP accounts allow other users or developers to access specific directories on your website to upload or download files. This feature is especially useful when collaborating with multiple users.

External Resource:

For a step-by-step guide on using File Manager and managing website files in cPanel, you can refer to the official cPanel documentation on File Manager: cPanel File Manager Guide.

Note: The above section covers essential file management tasks in cPanel, providing users with the knowledge and skills to handle website files efficiently. The subsequent sections will delve into other aspects of cPanel, including email management, domain management, database management, security features, and more.

Title: Email Management in cPanel

Creating Email Accounts

cPanel allows you to create and manage custom email accounts for your domain, giving your website a more professional appearance. Follow these steps to create an email account:

  1. Log in to cPanel and navigate to the “Email” section.
  2. Click on “Email Accounts.”
  3. Choose the domain for which you want to create the email account.
  4. Enter the desired email address and set the password.
  5. Configure optional settings like mailbox quota and auto-responder (if needed).
  6. Click on the “Create Account” button to complete the process.

Setting Up Email Forwarders

Email forwarding allows you to redirect emails sent to one address to another without storing them in a mailbox. To set up email forwarders:

  1. Navigate to “Email Forwarders” in the “Email” section of cPanel.
  2. Click on “Add Forwarder.”
  3. Enter the email address from which you want to forward emails.
  4. Provide the destination email address where the emails will be forwarded.
  5. Click on “Add Forwarder” to set up the email forwarder.

Configuring Email Filters

Email filters allow you to manage incoming emails based on specific criteria. You can create rules to automatically sort, forward, or discard emails. To configure email filters:

  1. Go to “Email Filters” in the “Email” section of cPanel.
  2. Click on “Create a New Filter.”
  3. Define the filter rules based on sender, recipient, subject, and other criteria.
  4. Select the desired action for the filtered emails (e.g., discard, forward, redirect).
  5. Save the filter to apply it to incoming emails.

Accessing Emails via Webmail

cPanel provides webmail applications that allow you to access your emails from any web browser. Some common webmail clients available in cPanel are Roundcube and Horde. To access webmail:

  1. Go to the “Email” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Email Accounts.”
  3. Locate the email account you want to access and click on “Check Email.”
  4. Choose your preferred webmail application (e.g., Roundcube).
  5. You will be redirected to the webmail interface, where you can read, send, and manage your emails.

Managing Mailing Lists

cPanel allows you to create and manage mailing lists, making it easier to send emails to a group of subscribers. To create a mailing list:

  1. Visit the “Mailing Lists” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Create a Mailing List.”
  3. Enter the list name and choose the domain for the mailing list.
  4. Set the list password and configure other options like subscription moderation.
  5. Click on “Create” to create the mailing list.

External Resource:

For detailed instructions and additional email management features in cPanel, you can refer to the official cPanel documentation on Email Accounts: cPanel Email Accounts Guide.

Note: The above section covers essential email management tasks in cPanel, enabling users to effectively handle email accounts, forwarding, filtering, and mailing lists. The subsequent sections will delve into other aspects of cPanel, including domain management, database management, security features, and advanced settings.

Title: Domain Management in cPanel

Adding and Managing Domains

cPanel allows you to host multiple domains within a single hosting account. To add a new domain to your cPanel account:

  1. Go to the “Domains” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Addon Domains.”
  3. Enter the new domain name, subdomain, and document root (the directory where the domain’s files will be stored).
  4. Click “Add Domain” to add the new domain to your hosting account.

Once added, you can manage existing domains from the “Addon Domains” section as well. Here, you can edit domain settings, remove domains, or manage their associated files and databases.

Setting up Subdomains

Subdomains allow you to create separate sections of your website with unique content and URLs. To set up a subdomain:

  1. Visit the “Subdomains” section in cPanel.
  2. Enter the desired subdomain prefix and select the main domain from the dropdown list.
  3. Define the document root for the subdomain (the folder where its files will be stored).
  4. Click “Create” to add the subdomain to your hosting account.

Managing Domain Redirects

Domain redirects are used to send users from one domain or URL to another. To set up domain redirects:

  1. Go to the “Domains” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Redirects.”
  3. Choose the domain you want to set up a redirect for.
  4. Enter the destination URL to which the domain should redirect.
  5. Choose the redirect type (temporary or permanent).
  6. Click “Add” to create the domain redirect.

Domain DNS Management

cPanel provides access to manage Domain Name System (DNS) settings, which control how domain names are translated into IP addresses. To manage DNS for a domain:

  1. Visit the “Zone Editor” section in cPanel.
  2. Choose the domain you want to manage from the list.
  3. Here, you can add, edit, or delete DNS records like A, CNAME, MX, TXT, etc.
  4. Make the necessary changes and save them to update the domain’s DNS settings.

External Resource:

For detailed instructions and additional domain management features in cPanel, you can refer to the official cPanel documentation on Addon Domains and Subdomains: cPanel Addon Domains Guide, cPanel Subdomains Guide.

Note: The above section covers essential domain management tasks in cPanel, enabling users to add, manage, and configure domains, subdomains, redirects, and DNS settings. The subsequent sections will delve into other aspects of cPanel, including database management, security features, and advanced settings.

Title: Database Management in cPanel

Creating and Managing Databases

Databases are essential for many web applications, such as content management systems and e-commerce platforms. cPanel provides tools to create and manage databases efficiently:

  1. Go to the “Databases” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “MySQL Databases.”
  3. Enter a name for your new database and click “Create Database.”
  4. After creating the database, you need to create a database user with a password. Scroll down to the “MySQL Users” section, enter the username and password, and click “Create User.”
  5. Associate the database user with the newly created database by selecting the user and database from the dropdowns under the “Add User To Database” section. Click “Add.”
  6. In the next step, you’ll be prompted to set the user’s privileges. Choose the appropriate privileges based on your application’s requirements (usually, “All Privileges”). Click “Make Changes” to save the settings.

Using phpMyAdmin for Database Administration

cPanel includes phpMyAdmin, a popular web-based database management tool. With phpMyAdmin, you can perform various tasks like importing and exporting databases, creating tables, running queries, and managing database structures. To access phpMyAdmin:

  1. Go to the “Databases” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “phpMyAdmin.”
  3. Choose the database you want to manage from the left-hand sidebar.
  4. You’ll be directed to the phpMyAdmin interface, where you can execute various database operations.

Importing and Exporting Databases

You may need to transfer databases between servers or create backups. cPanel allows you to import and export databases through phpMyAdmin:

  1. Access phpMyAdmin as explained earlier.
  2. To export a database, select the desired database, click on “Export,” choose the export method, and click “Go” to download the database dump.
  3. To import a database, click on “Import,” browse for the SQL file on your computer, and click “Go” to start the import process.

Configuring Database Users and Permissions

It’s crucial to manage database users and their permissions properly for security and data integrity. To modify database user permissions in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Databases” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “MySQL Databases.”
  3. Scroll down to the “Current Databases” section, and click “Modify Privileges” next to the database user you want to edit.
  4. Here, you can adjust the user’s privileges based on the specific requirements of your application. Click “Make Changes” to save the updated permissions.

External Resource:

For in-depth instructions on database management in cPanel using phpMyAdmin and other database-related features, refer to the official cPanel documentation: cPanel Databases Guide.

Note: The above section covers essential database management tasks in cPanel, enabling users to create, manage, and secure databases effectively. The subsequent sections will delve into other aspects of cPanel, including security features, advanced settings, and additional tools for website management.

Title: Security and Backups in cPanel

cPanel Security Features

cPanel offers several security features to safeguard your website and hosting account from potential threats. Understanding and utilizing these features can enhance your website’s protection. Some key security features in cPanel include:

  • Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Enable 2FA to add an extra layer of security to your cPanel login process. With 2FA, you’ll need a verification code from your mobile device, in addition to your regular password, to access your account.
  • IP Blocker: The IP Blocker tool allows you to block specific IP addresses or ranges from accessing your website. This can help prevent unauthorized access and mitigate brute-force attacks.
  • Hotlink Protection: Hotlink protection prevents other websites from directly linking to your website’s images or media files, reducing bandwidth theft and protecting your server resources.
  • ModSecurity: ModSecurity is a web application firewall that can help protect your website from various types of web-based attacks, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS).

Enabling Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

To enable Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) for your cPanel account:

  1. Go to the “Security” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Two-Factor Authentication.”
  3. Follow the on-screen instructions to set up 2FA using an authenticator app like Google Authenticator or Authy.
  4. Once configured, you’ll need to enter the verification code from the authenticator app along with your password during login.

Configuring IP Blocker

To set up IP blocking in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Security” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “IP Blocker.”
  3. Add the IP addresses or IP ranges you want to block.
  4. Click “Add” to block the specified IPs from accessing your website.

Generating and Restoring Backups

Regular backups are crucial to protect your website’s data and content in case of unforeseen incidents. cPanel provides tools to generate and restore backups easily:

  1. Go to the “Files” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Backup.”
  3. Under “Download a Full Website Backup,” choose a backup destination and enter your email address to receive notifications.
  4. Click “Generate Backup” to create a full website backup.
  5. To restore a backup, scroll down to “Restore a Full Backup/cpmove File.” Choose the backup file and click “Upload” to restore your website from the backup.

External Resource:

For more information on cPanel security features and backup procedures, consult the official cPanel documentation: cPanel 2FA Guide, cPanel IP Blocker Guide, cPanel Backup Guide.

Note: The above section covers essential security and backup features in cPanel, empowering users to protect their websites from potential threats and ensure data safety. The subsequent sections will explore more advanced cPanel features and settings for users who want to take their website management to the next level.

Title: Advanced Features in cPanel

Managing SSL Certificates

An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate is essential for securing data transmission between a website and its visitors. cPanel allows you to install and manage SSL certificates easily:

  1. Go to the “Security” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “SSL/TLS.”
  3. Under “Install an SSL Website,” select the domain for which you want to install the SSL certificate.
  4. Choose the SSL certificate type (e.g., AutoSSL, Let’s Encrypt, or a custom certificate).
  5. Click “Install Certificate” to enable SSL on your domain.

Configuring Apache Handlers

Apache handlers allow you to manage how specific file types are handled by the webserver. To configure Apache handlers in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Software” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Apache Handlers.”
  3. Add the file extension you want to manage and specify the handler action (e.g., CGI script or server-parsed HTML).
  4. Click “Add” to save the Apache handler settings.

Managing DNS Records

cPanel provides DNS Zone Editor, enabling you to manage DNS records for your domain. To access and edit DNS records:

  1. Go to the “Domains” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Zone Editor.”
  3. Choose the domain for which you want to manage DNS records.
  4. Here, you can add, edit, or remove DNS records like A, CNAME, MX, TXT, etc.
  5. Make the necessary changes and save them to update the domain’s DNS settings.

Working with SSH Access

Secure Shell (SSH) access allows you to connect to your hosting account via the command line, providing advanced control over your server. To enable and manage SSH access in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Security” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “SSH Access.”
  3. Enable SSH access for your account, and set the authentication method (password or SSH key).
  4. Follow the provided instructions to configure SSH access on your local machine.

External Resource:

For more information on managing SSL certificates, Apache handlers, DNS records, and SSH access in cPanel, consult the official cPanel documentation: cPanel SSL/TLS Guide, cPanel DNS Zone Editor Guide, cPanel SSH Access Guide.

Note: The above section covers advanced features and settings in cPanel, offering users more control over their websites and hosting environment. The subsequent sections will explore additional tools and settings, including website statistics, cron jobs, and customization options in cPanel.

Title: Website Management and Customization in cPanel

Installing Applications with Softaculous

Softaculous is a popular auto-installer that simplifies the process of installing web applications, such as WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, and many others. To install an application using Softaculous in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Software” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Softaculous Apps Installer.”
  3. Select the desired application from the available options.
  4. Click on “Install” to start the installation process.
  5. Follow the on-screen instructions, provide necessary details (like installation directory, admin username, and password), and complete the installation.

Managing Cron Jobs

Cron jobs allow you to schedule automated tasks to run at specific intervals. To manage cron jobs in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Advanced” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Cron Jobs.”
  3. Choose the frequency for the cron job (e.g., every minute, hourly, daily).
  4. Enter the command or script you want to run and set the desired schedule.
  5. Click “Add Cron Job” to save the scheduled task.

Understanding Website Statistics with AWStats

AWStats is a powerful web analytics tool that provides detailed statistics about your website’s visitors, traffic, and usage. To access AWStats in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Metrics” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Awstats.”
  3. Select the domain you want to view statistics for.
  4. Explore various sections like visitors, hits, bandwidth, and more to analyze your website’s performance.

Customizing cPanel Appearance

cPanel allows you to customize the appearance of the cPanel interface, giving it a unique look and feel. To customize cPanel appearance:

  1. Go to the “Preferences” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Change Style.”
  3. Select a different style or theme from the available options.
  4. Click “Apply” to apply the new style to your cPanel interface.

External Resource:

For more information on Softaculous application installer, managing cron jobs, AWStats, and cPanel appearance customization, refer to the official cPanel documentation: cPanel Softaculous Guide, cPanel Cron Jobs Guide, cPanel AWStats Guide, cPanel Change Style Guide.

Note: The above section covers additional website management tools and customization options in cPanel, allowing users to further optimize their website’s performance and appearance. The subsequent sections will explore website troubleshooting, cPanel support resources, and other helpful tips and tricks for effective cPanel usage.

Title: Troubleshooting and Support in cPanel

Viewing Error Logs

cPanel provides error logs that can help you troubleshoot issues and identify potential errors on your website. To access error logs in cPanel:

  1. Go to the “Metrics” section in cPanel.
  2. Click on “Errors.”
  3. You can view error logs for your domains and subdomains, including HTTP error codes and error details.

Using cPanel Support Resources

cPanel offers extensive support resources to assist users with various issues. If you encounter any problems or have questions about using cPanel, you can access the following support options:

  • Official Documentation: The official cPanel documentation provides comprehensive guides and tutorials on various features and functionalities.
  • cPanel Community Forums: The community forums allow users to ask questions, seek advice, and share knowledge with other cPanel users.
  • cPanel Support Portal: If you have a cPanel license or purchased hosting from a provider, you can reach out to cPanel support through the support portal for technical assistance.

Backup and Restore Issues


If you encounter any issues related to backups or restoration, you can use cPanel’s backup and restore features to recover your website. Make sure to follow the steps carefully, and if you face any difficulties, consider reaching out to your hosting provider’s support team for assistance.

Updating cPanel and Applications


Keeping your cPanel installation and applications up-to-date is crucial for security and performance. cPanel provides an “Update Preferences” section where you can configure automatic updates for cPanel and its plugins. Regularly updating your cPanel installation helps protect your website from security vulnerabilities and ensures access to the latest features and improvements.

Final Note


With cPanel’s user-friendly interface and extensive features, managing your website and hosting account becomes much simpler. However, it’s essential to regularly review cPanel’s official documentation and support resources to stay updated on the latest features and best practices for website management.

Remember to keep your cPanel login credentials secure and consider implementing additional security measures like changing default passwords and regularly monitoring your website’s security logs.

If you encounter any specific issues or need assistance with cPanel, do not hesitate to reach out to your hosting provider’s support team. They can provide personalized help and resolve any technical problems you may encounter.

External Resources:

For official cPanel support and documentation, visit: cPanel Documentation.

Note: The above section covers troubleshooting tips and cPanel support resources to help users address any potential issues and make the most out of their cPanel experience. This concludes the cPanel tutorial, offering a comprehensive guide from beginner to advanced levels for successful website management.

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